Fruits are rich in a number of nutrients that cater to our body’s needs, and they cannot be replaced with any substitute. Most of us have fruits that are very commonly found in the stores. These include apples, pears, bananas, cherries, strawberries, oranges, watermelons, and the list could go on.
But, have you heard of the “golden apple”? Yes, that is right. Besides the common fruits we eat daily, there is a fruit that is closely related to apples and pears. This fruit is called Quince.
Quince is the only member of the genus Cydonia. There are varieties of quince that may be eaten raw but most varieties have a tart flavor and should be cooked before eating. They are used to make jam, jelly, and quince pudding, or they may be peeled, then roasted, baked, or stewed.1
Quince is a fruit many of us are unaware of, but it has many health benefits.
5 Benefits Of Quince Fruit
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1. Prevents Risk Of Cancer
Cancer is a leading cause of death worlwide. Anything to reduce or prevent cancer is in high demand. Quince has antioxidant properties that help the body to fight free radicals and malignant cancer cells. Free radicals are dangerous byproducts of cellular metabolism that cause healthy cells to mutate or die.
The granules in the pulp of quince fruit contain astringent compounds known as tannins i.e., catechin and epicatechin. These tannins protect your mucous membranes from cancers by binding to cancer-causing toxins and chemicals in the colon. Studies have shown that quince preparations are nontoxic and promote good health.2
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2. Aids In Weight Loss
Quinces are low in calories but rich in dietary fiber. 100 grams of raw quince fruit contains only 57 calories.3 It is also low in sodium, saturated fat, and cholesterol. All these make it a perfect choice for losing weight and maintaining good health.
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3. Treats Ulcers, Stomach Ailments, And Nausea
Studies have demonstrated that Chinese quince fruits can treat gastric ulcers.4 It also helps in the treatment of peptic ulcers as it soothes the gastrointestinal tract.
Preparations from different parts of quince have been used as traditional remedies for cough, bronchitis, nausea, fever, diarrhea, cystitis, constipation, hemorrhoids, diabetes, and hypertension.5
Quinces are very effective in relieving nausea and vomiting caused due to various reasons.6
During pregnancy, quince is an effective remedy for morning sickness. If vomiting is continuous, quince syrups can help. If nausea persists after meals, having roast quince after meals may help reduce the feeling.7
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4. Lowers Blood Pressure And Cholesterol Levels
Quince is rich in potassium and potassium is essential for the body because it maintains the blood pressure. It also causes the arteries and blood vessels to relax, reducing strain on the cardiovascular system.
Quince being rich in this nutrient is very effective in keeping your blood pressure low, thereby reducing the risk of any heart diseases.8
Quince fruits also keep the bad cholesterol in the body in check.9
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5. Treats Liver And Eye Diseases
Quince consumption on a regular basis is good for those with liver and eye diseases. There are studies that prove that quinces increase the antioxidant capacity and the lipoprotein metabolism in the liver.10
This fruit has also played its part in treating eye diseases. A decoction (extracting flavor using boiling water) of the pips can be applied to inflamed eyes.11
So, let’s add quince to the list of fruits we want in our diet. Here’s a simple recipe to begin with.
Quince Jelly Recipe
Makes 8 jars
- 7½ cups sugar
- 3 pounds of quinces, cored and chopped, peels on
- 3 fluid ounces of liquid pectin
- ¼ cup lemon juice
- 4½ cups of water
- Sterilize 8 (½ pint) jars in boiling water for at least 5 minutes, and have new lids ready.
- Place the quinces in a large pot, and pour in water. Bring to a boil, then reduce heat to low, and simmer, covered, for 15 minutes. Strain off 4 cups of the juice.
- Mix juice with sugar and lemon juice in a heavy pot, and bring to a boil over high heat, stirring constantly.
- Stir in pectin, and return to a boil. Boil for 1 full minute, stirring constantly.
- Remove from heat and skim off foam. Ladle into hot sterile jars, and process for 10 minutes in a hot water bath to seal.
- Store sealed jars in a cool dark place. Refrigerate jelly after opening.
|↑1||Cumo, Christopher. Encyclopedia of Cultivated Plants: From Acacia to Zinnia [3 Volumes]: From Acacia to Zinnia. ABC-CLIO, 2013.|
|↑2||Pacifico, Severina, Marialuisa Gallicchio, Antonio Fiorentino, Anna Fischer, Ulrich Meyer, and Florian Conrad Stintzing. “Antioxidant properties and cytotoxic effects on human cancer cell lines of aqueous fermented and lipophilic quince (Cydonia oblonga Mill.) preparations.” Food and chemical toxicology 50, no. 11 (2012): 4130-4135.|
|↑3||Basic Report: 09296, Quinces, raw.United States Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service.|
|↑4||Hamauzu, Yasunori, Miho Irie, Makoto Kondo, and Tomoyuki Fujita. “Antiulcerative properties of crude polyphenols and juice of apple, and Chinese quince extracts.” Food chemistry 108, no. 2 (2008): 488-495.|
|↑5||Khoubnasabjafari, Maryam, and Abolghasem Jouyban. “A review of phytochemistry and bioactivity of quince (Cydonia oblonga Mill.).” Journal of Medicinal Plants Research 5, no. 16 (2011): 3577-3594.|
|↑6||Sadeghpour, Omid, Ali Mohammadi, and Jale Aliasl. “Eeffective herbal medicines on Nausea and vomiting based on Canon of Avecina.” Advances in Environmental Biology 9, no. 3 (2015): 557-560.|
|↑7||Aliasl, Fatemeh, Tayebeh Toliyat, Jale Aliasl, and Mohammd-Bagher Minaee. “Nausea and vomiting remedies in Iranian Traditional Medicine (ITM).” Iran J Public Health 44, no. 8 (2015): 1164-1165.|
|↑8||Zhou, Wenting, Elzira Abdusalam, Parida Abliz, Nadira Reyim, Shuge Tian, Qimangul Aji, Mehray Issak, Guldiyar Iskandar, Nicholas Moore, and Anwar Umar. “Effect of Cydonia oblonga Mill. fruit and leaf extracts on blood pressure and blood rheology in renal hypertensive rats.” Journal of ethnopharmacology 152, no. 3 (2014): 464-469.|
|↑9||Umar, Anwar, Guldiyar Iskandar, Ainiwaer Aikemu, Wuliya Yiming, Wenting Zhou, Bénedicte Berké, Bernard Begaud, and Nicholas Moore. “Effects of Cydonia oblonga Miller leaf and fruit flavonoids on blood lipids and anti-oxydant potential in hyperlipidemia rats.” Journal of ethnopharmacology 169 (2015): 239-243.|
|↑10||Abliz, Ablat, Qimangul Aji, Elzira Abdusalam, Xiaowei Sun, Adil Abdurahman, Wenting Zhou, Nicholas Moore, and Anwar Umar. “Effect of Cydonia oblonga Mill. leaf extract on serum lipids and liver function in a rat model of hyperlipidaemia.” Journal of ethnopharmacology 151, no. 2 (2014): 970-974.|
|↑11||Watts, Donald C. Dictionary of plant lore. Academic Press, 2007.|