Kidneys- The Super Filters

HOW DO YOU CONFIRM?

Kidneys filter blood and discharge urine, so abnormalities (presence of substances) in blood and urine tests, is a strong indicator of something amiss. The two most common kidney function tests are Creatinine (blood) and Albumin (urine).

  • Creatinine: Muscle movement creates the waste product creatinine, which damaged kidneys fail to filter, leaving traces of this substance in your blood.
  • Albumin (type of protein): Healthy kidney filters are so supremely fine that protein cannot pass through. Finding traces of protein in urine (bubbly or foamy) indicates kidney problems.

MANIFESTATIONS OF KIDNEY DAMAGE:

Short term or long term kidney degeneration can manifest in various anomalies like:

  • Pyelonephritis -infection of kidney pelvis,
  • Glomerulonephritis– Blood and protein discharge in urine,
  • Kidney stones (nephrolithiasis),
  • Nephrotic syndrome– protein discharge in urine,
  • Polycystic kidney disease– formation of large cysts,
  • Acute renal failure– due to sudden loss of blood or dehydration,
  • Chronic renal failure– due to long term chronic diseases,
  • End stage renal disease (ESRD)-complete loss of kidney function,
  • Papillary necrosis-broken kidney tissue clogging the kidneys,
  • Kidney cancer-Renal cell carcinoma,
  • Interstitial nephritis– Inflammation of the connective tissue, to name a few.