Photosensitivity is a condition in which the ultraviolet rays from the sun trigger an immune response and cause burns, rashes, hives, fever, fatigue, inflammation, blisters, or joint pain. Sometimes, the reactions can be caused by indoor fluorescent light as well. Symptoms of photosensitivity can occur immediately after exposure to sunlight, a few hours later, or 2 to 3 days later. Aloe vera gel or anti-itch creams can help reduce the discomfort of skin eruptions and the symptoms usually go away a few days later, but if the symptoms persist, medical attention is required.
1. Limit Exposure To Sunlight
If you are photosensitive, the sun is your biggest enemy. You should not step out into the sun for too long. Take frequent shade breaks and avoid exposing yourself to the sun especially between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m. when the intensity of the
2. Always Apply Sunscreen
You should make it a habit of applying sunscreen of at least SPF 30 whenever you step out and applying a milder sunscreen when you are indoors. You should try using a broad-spectrum sunscreen as it can protect you against a wide range of sun rays and not just ultraviolet rays. Make sure your sunscreen contains only physical sun blocks such as zinc oxide or titanium oxide instead of UV-absorbing chemicals such as cinnamates, benzophenones, and salicylates. You can even wear broad-rimmed hats and cover yourself with dark thick clothes when you are out in the sun.
3. Keep A Tab On The Medications You Are Taking
In many cases, photosensitivity can be
4. Discontinue Using Certain Skin Products
Certain creams, ointments, and aftershave lotions can make your skin more sensitive to the sun. Reactions caused by using a topical agent and exposing to sunlight are called phototoxic reactions. If you get eruptions on your skin after using a topical agent, you should change the product you are using and switch to something with a different combination of chemicals. A photo-patch test can let you know if the reactions are caused by a skin product.
5. Increase Your Consumption Of Beta Carotene
Increase your consumption of foods rich in beta carotene such as carrots, tomatoes, lettuce, broccoli, and spinach. Beta carotene is an antioxidant and will protect you from the damage caused by free radicals formed on your skin due to sun exposure. You can also increase your consumption of citrus fruits which are rich in vitamin C, another antioxidant.
6. Stay Hydrated And Moisturized
Well-hydrated skin feels less rough and patchy. Keeping your skin moisturized will ensure that your skin heals faster after a reaction. You should not only apply moisturizers but also drink 8 to 10 glasses of water a day to ensure your skin gets hydration from within.
7. Get Your Condition Diagnosed
If you experience frequent allergic reactions to the sun, you should get a diagnosis of
Being sun safe is always a good practice even if you are not photosensitive. The rays of the sun can be damaging to the skin and you should take precautionary measures to protect your skin from such damage.