9 Things That Can Cause Painful Sexual Intercourse In Women

There are many causes to painful sex

Pain during sex (also called dyspareunia) is a common problem that’s often the cause of a lot of frustration and anxiety. It is much more common among women than men. The causes are numerous and varied but the good thing is that it’s being recognized as a medical problem with options for treatment. If you are a woman who experiences pain during intercourse, read on to see if it may be caused by any of these factors. Here are some aspects that can cause painful sex.1

1. Menopause

Menopause leads to reduced lubrication

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Menopause comes with a drop in levels of estrogen. This means reduced lubrication and painful sex. It’s no wonder that women experience a reduction in libido after menopause.2

2. Contraceptive Pills

Birth control pills can reduce lubrication

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Hormonal birth control pills can sometimes mimic the effects that postmenopausal women face. Normally this means less lubrication

3. Skin problems

Vaginal skin can be irritated by scented soap products

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Sometimes it can be due to things like warts, pimples, or even infections from ingrown hairs. If these conditions escalate, it can lead to pain during intercourse. Contact dermatitis is also a possibility since the vulva can be sensitive to scented products and soaps. These are often easily treated.

4. Vaginismus

This condition causes painful muscle spasms

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Vaginismus is a condition that results in spasms and tightening of the vaginal muscles.Sometimes, it is the result of previous sexual or physical trauma. In other cases, it is simply the fear of sexual intercourse and expected pain. Often, the treatment involves psychological assessment and biofeedback as a way to get back control of the body and what it does.

5. Medication

Certain allergy medications can cause reduced lubrication

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Certain kinds of medication like allergy medicine can have the same effect of reducing natural lubrication.

6. Deep penetration

Deep penetrative sex can reveal uterus or cervical problems

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If a woman has problems with her cervix or uterus, (usually this translates to “infection”), any sort of deep penetration can cause pain. If you experience this, make sure to get yourself checked out by a doctor.

7. Injury

Sex too soon after childbirth can be painful

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Sex soon after childbirth or surgery can be painful because the vaginal canal is still healing. It’s recommended that women wait 6 weeks after giving birth before having sex again.

8. Vaginal Infections

Some infections can result in vaginal pain

Yeast infections and bacterial vaginosis can cause pain the day after having sex. If you experience this, it’s worth getting checked out by a doctor.

9. Vulvodynia

Vulvodynia is a chronic pain condition.

This is a chronic painful condition that has no apparent cause. Sometimes it is attributed to nerve problems but it is rare to find a clear underlying cause. There are some treatments that make it easier to manage the pain.

Things To Remember

  • Sex is not supposed to hurt. Contrary to what society and media tell us, sex is not supposed to be a painful experience for women. With enough awareness, and communication during sex, it can be a pleasurable experience for both. Men, pay attention when women ask for slower, gentler movements.
  • This one is for the men. Enter slowly. Whenever penetration is involved, take it slow. Gentle entry along with plenty of lubricants will help reduce the likelihood of any pain during the process
  • Make time for foreplay. It’s a good rule of thumb to spend at least 30 minutes in foreplay before even attempting penetration. Kiss, cuddle, caress, and indulge in oral sex. Women, learn to know when you are sexually aroused. Being mindful of the several sensations combined with experimentation can help you understand what turns you on

Talk to your doctor if none of these tips work. Most of the problems listed in this article can be treated. Others are more chronic conditions that are treated with other methods like meditation or pelvic exercises.

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