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Dyslexia is a learning disability that may be diagnosed either early or later on in life. Adults with dyslexia face a difficulty in reading, writing, doing basic math, and performing day-to-day activities such as tying one's shoelaces. Having low self-esteem and finding it hard to focus are other symptoms. While dyslexia cannot be prevented or cured, it can be managed with the right treatment methods and support.
Children with dyslexia have trouble reading and spelling. They can benefit from special educational classes which teach phonological skills – the ability to recognize and process sounds in words. In classrooms, providing clearly structured information, simplifying instructional material, teaching orally, segmenting and sequencing information, and allowing for extra practice can help. As a parent, you can inculcate a love of reading, build confidence, and be their champion!
The signs and symptoms of dyslexia vary depending on age. While a preschool age child may have difficulty reciting simple nursery rhymes or rhyming words such as 'tap' and 'cap', children in kindergarten through fourth grade struggle with fluency in speaking or differentiating sounds such as 'b' and 'd'. Signs in adults include difficulty taking notes, writing letters, etc.