The first birth control pill was introduced in 1960 and since then, women have started relying on them to prevent pregnancy. It has been found that today, more than 25 percent of the women who are using birth control are actually on birth control pills. If taken in the right manner, birth control pills have been found to be more than 99 percent effective in preventing pregnancy. However, they have certain side effects as well. One of the most common side effects that birth control pills have reported is nausea. Other side effects include headache, weight gain or weight loss, mood swings, reduced sex drive, breast soreness, tenderness, or enlargement, and spotting in between periods or irregular periods.
Most of the side effects are considered to be mild, and they usually go away within a few months. However, a rare side effect has been noticed where a blood clot happens in the leg (deep vein thrombosis) and if it is left untreated, it can lead to clotting of blood in the lungs (pulmonary embolism) and result in death as well. Although this is a rare risk, the chances of getting it increase if you take a pill for a very long time, you smoke a lot, or you are older than 35 years of age.
Reasons Why Nausea Is Caused
The feeling of nausea caused by birth control pills is the result of the high dose of estrogen present in contraceptive pills, and especially in emergency contraceptive pills. The high dose of estrogen causes stomach upset and irritates the stomach, resulting in nausea. Nausea is a common side effect but only during the initial days after you start taking birth control pills.
Treating Nausea When You Are On Birth Control
Although no cure has been found for nausea caused by contraceptive pills, certain home remedies provide relief during these mild episodes:
1. Eat healthy and light food, such as bread and crackers
2. Avoid strongly flavored foods, sweets, and greasy and fried foods
3. Drink cold liquids that makes you feel refreshed
4. Avoid any kind of activity right after a meal
5. Eat less food but meals should be more frequent
6. Have ginger tea
7. Take deep, long, and controlled breaths
8. Apply pressure to certain points in the wrist (acupressure)
With these simple remedies, the issues of nausea must be resolved in a few days. However, if the condition persists, a doctor must be consulted for help.
Prevention Of Nausea Caused By Contraceptive Pills
Nausea that results from birth control pills can be easily prevented by taking a few measures. It is highly recommended that birth control pills are not taken on an empty stomach. Instead, one can take it with a snack or in fact, after dinner and before bedtime. You may take an antacid medicine 30 minutes before taking the pill, which will help you keep your stomach calm.
It is also recommended that before you start using an emergency birth control pill, consult with a doctor to check if an anti-nausea medicine can also be combined with it. There are certain progestin-only emergency pills that are less likely to cause nausea or vomiting than the birth control pills that contain both estrogen and progestin. It is advised that you do not stop taking your regular birth control pill after you experience mild bouts of nausea as this could lead to unwanted pregnancy.
Always choose you birth control pill wisely and if required, consult with a doctor. While you take your contraceptive pill, follow the instructions diligently and do not skip them. If any dosage is skipped, take the missed dose immediately, even if it means that you are taking two pills in a day, which might again lead to nausea. However, with the right ways to prevent and treat nausea, you will certainly provide yourself some good relief.