How To Identify, Diagnose, Treat, And Prevent Dry Socket?

How To Identify, Diagnose, Treat, And Prevent Dry Sockets

People who have had a tooth removed are at a risk of developing dry socket. Dry socket is the most common complication of tooth removal, but it is still relatively rare. The incidence rate of dry socket is 1.8 percent and the type of tooth extraction determines how likely one would experience a dry socket. It is more likely to develop when one’s wisdom teeth are removed.

When you get a tooth removed from the gums and the bone, as the healing process starts, a blood clot forms to protect the hole in the gums. If this blood clot does not get formed properly and dislodging happens from the gums, a dry socket is formed. This dry socket can expose the nerves and bones in the gums, and if it is left untreated, infections and other complications might be noticed. This is why it is extremely important that you seek help from a dentist when you observe the formation of a dry socket.

Symptoms Of Dry Socket

Symptoms include a throbbing pain in the jaw, bad breath,
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If you open your mouth, look at the mirror to check the place of removal of your teeth, and you see a bone in that place, it might be a dry socket. Symptoms of dry socket include throbbing pain in the jaw that might even spread to the ears, eyes, temples, or the neck. Other symptoms of dry socket include bad breath and an unpleasant taste lingering in the mouth.

Causes Of Dry Socket

Dry socket forms when a blood clot does not form in the vacated space after tooth extraction.

When a protective blood clot does not form in the vacated space after tooth extraction is done, a dry socket is likely to develop. It can also develop if the blood clot gets dislodged from the gums after tooth extraction.

It is not proven what prevents this protective blood clot from forming after a tooth extraction. It

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has been thought that bacterial contamination in the mouth from food, liquid, or other substances that enter the mouth can prevent this blood clot from forming. Sometimes, trauma experienced in the area of removal of the tooth may lead to a dry socket, while accidental poking in the area with toothbrush can also result in disruption.

Risk Factors Of Dry Socket

Smoking tobacco, taking oral contraceptives, not maintaining good oral health are risk factors.

If you have experienced a dry socket earlier, you are at a risk to suffer from it again. So, if you are seeing a dentist, let the dentist be aware of your condition. This wouldn’t prevent dry socket from occurring, but it will speed up the treatment process if a dry socket develops again.

Other risk factors include the following:

1. Smoking tobacco or using cigarettes
2. Use of oral contraceptives
3. Ignoring the dentist’s instructions
4. Failing to practice good oral hygiene

Diagnosis Of Dry Socket

X-ray
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If you suffer from extreme pain after the removal of your tooth, it might be the sign of developing a dry socket soon. Dentists often suggest X-ray tests to rule out other conditions such as bone infection or the possibility that roots or bones are still present in the site where tooth extraction was done.

Although dry socket itself is a complication, other complications might develop as well, such as delayed healing, socket infection, and infection spreading to the bones.

Treatment Of Dry Socket

(Pain relief such as aspirin, ibuprofen and sometimes, cold compress is recommended

If you are suffering from a dry socket, the doctor will clean the socket and might pack it with gauze and a medicated gel to help in numbing the pain. Instructions on how and when to remove the pack will also be shared by the doctor. After the dressing is removed,

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cleaning of the socket must be done again and dentists are most likely to recommend rinsing of the mouth with salt water. Certain medicines relieve discomfort and doctors might advise a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory pain relief, such as aspirin, ibuprofen or sometimes, a cold compress as well. In case of any severe pain, a prescription pain reliever might be recommended. If your pain is more severe, they may recommend a strong pain reliever.

Prevention Of Dry Socket

Talking to a care provider about prescribed medicines and avoiding smoking can prevent dry sockets

To reduce the risks of developing a dry socket, the following precautions can be taken before the surgery:

1. Select a care provider and tell them about your prescribed medicines so that you come to know if the medicines are preventing your blood to clot.
2. After the extraction of the tooth (teeth), avoid or limit smoking.

After the surgery is done, your dentist might recommend an antibacterial mouthwash, antiseptic solutions, medicated gel, and medicated

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gauze along with antibiotics. These medicines must be taken as suggested by your dentist to prevent a dry socket from forming.