Knowing your skin type is important to follow the right skin care regimen. Taking care of your skin can keep you from having skin problems.
Dry skin, oily or greasy skin, combination skin, and normal skin are the 4 skin types that require care based on the amount of moisture or oil the skin retains. While normal skin doesn’t require much care, the other 3 skin types especially the combination skin type needs extra attention.
How To Take Care Of Your Skin Type
Here’s how you must take care of your skin based on your skin type:
1. Dry Skin
Although dry skin is usually inherited, it can also become dry due to factors such as weather, hormonal changes, diseases, or deficiency of vitamin A. You may not have breakouts or pimples, but your skin can look dull. If you have dry skin, you must focus on retaining the moisture of your skin. Harsh cleansers, scrubs, and soaps can take away all the moisture and oil from your skin, making it dry.
Avoid using products that have alcohol, mint or citrus. Hot showers can be the main culprits for making your skin dry and flaky. So, don’t take long hot water baths. After a shower, ensure that you apply a moisturizer to lock in the skin’s moisture.
Foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids like salmon, walnuts, sunflower seeds, and pumpkin seeds will help the skin retain the oil. They are natural moisturizers and will make your skin smooth. Also, avoid caffeine or alcohol as they will dehydrate your skin. Applying oil, honey, or yogurt on your skin can hydrate it.
2. Greasy Skin
Greasy or oily skin is characterized by enlarged pores and a shiny face. Oily skin can be the result of stress, environment, and hormonal changes. If you have oily skin, you are prone to pimples and blackheads.1
It is important to completely avoid using greasy products or creams that will clog your pores making your skin look worse. Instead, wash your face regularly using a gentle cleanser to keep your skin free from the oil. Exfoliating will also keep your pores unclogged.
Changing your diet can also help you take care of your oily skin. Avoid eating greasy or fried food, instead, go for food like whole grains that are rich in fiber. Apart from benefiting your overall health, replacing oily and junk food with streamed food will also improve your oily skin condition.
Include more fruits and vegetables in your diet and exclude processed sugar and alcohol. Drink enough water throughout the day to keep your skin healthy. Using honey or tomatoes for your skin can help you prevent and treat acne.2
3. Combination Skin
If you have a combination skin type, some areas may be oily, while other can be normal or dry. The oily areas of the skin must be exfoliated and kept away from greasy products, and the dry areas must be moisturized. Typically, the nose, forehead, and chin are oily, and the other areas are normal or dry.
Use milk lotions or creams to soothe the dry areas of your skin, but ensure that the oily areas are not affected as it can clog the pores. Also, don’t use harsh cleansers or scrubs for the oily T-zone as it will not only affect the oily area but will also make the dry area more dry and flaky.
Avoid carbohydrates in your diet and focus on eating vegetables, fruits, and whole grains to take care of your skin. Eating oily food can cause pimples and breakouts in the T-zone area.
4. Normal Skin
People with normal skin type don’t have to usually worry about their skin or use too many products to keep it healthy. If you have normal skin, applying small amounts of cream or lotion can help. You can also use a gentle cleaner for this low-maintenance skin type.
Even though you have good skin, without acne, fine lines or flaky areas on your skin, ensure that you take care of it. Neglecting your skin can be the cause of skin problems in future. Follow a balanced diet, that will keep your skin and body healthy.