Acerola is a small tree or bushy shrub that grows best in tropical type climates and has poor cold tolerance because of its shallow root systems.
Its leaves are a glossy lush green that varies between light and dark hues and the flowering portion of the plant blossoms five small pink to white petals. The actual fruit of the plant, which is used in the manufacture of supplements, is a bright red or yellow-orange, cherry sized lobe containing small seeds. The pulp of the fruit offers a delicately sweet aroma and taste but is acidic.
Once the fruit is harvested from the plant it must be used or converted into its supplemental form quickly because deterioration is rapid. Within three to five days the picked fruit ferments and becomes unsavory, develops mold and loses its healthful properties.
History And Origins
Acerola is also known as: Barbados cherry, West Indian cherry, and Cereza.
It has its origins in the Yucatan and is widely distributed throughout the hotter southern climates of the United States like Florida and Texas, as well as the Central and the northern part
The plant is also cultivated throughout the Caribbean and sub-tropical regions. At present, Brazil is the largest mass cultivar of the plant.
Rich In Nutrients Medicinal Properties
Historically, the natural form of the fruit was harvested and used to treat a host of ailments including diarrhea or inflammation of the intestines.
Acerola (Malpighia emarginata) is a significant source of vitamin C in the natural form of ascorbic acid, containing as much as 1000-4500 milligrams per 100 grams of edible fruit. Vitamin C is an essential dietary nutrient, playing a role in immune system health.
It is also important in the synthesis of collagen, a structural component of bone, skin and blood vessels as well as the synthesis of brain chemicals involved in mood regulation. Vitamin C content is highest in the less ripened fruit, and after harvest the percent of vitamin C can be preserved by freezing the plant.
Vitamin A is another important nutrient found in the acerola, yielding as much as a bundle of full-sized carrots, or approximately 3400-12,500 international units per 100 grams of fruit. Vitamin A plays a role
Additional micronutrients found to a lesser degree in the fruit include several B-vitamins, calcium, iron, potassium, and magnesium. Each of which is necessary in a normal diet. Important macronutrients such as protein, fiber, and fatty acids are also present.
Supplements And Dosage
However, it is popular as an alternative supplement to ease symptoms of the common cold, mainly because of its high vitamin C content. Supplements are also touted as energy boosters for athletic endurance, as a means for minimizing symptoms of depression and to relieve infections of the gum and tooth.
Acerola supplements are available as powder extract to be mixed into water, fruit, or vegetable juices. Topical cream formulations also exist for direct skin application to enhance elasticity and collagen production or for use as an antifungal remedy.
No standard dosing exists for acerola supplements as dosing depends on several variables including age, current health, and pre-existing conditions. Common dosing is one level teaspoon, or 3.6 grams, of powder mixed with an 8-ounce beverage and
Clinical evidence suggests that the high antioxidant properties, which comes from the vitamins A and C, of acerola might serve as a significant element in the regular diet, as evidenced by several published research studies. Research is ongoing to determine its exact benefits and potential long term adverse effects.