We tend to visit the doctor’s office to get our regular health check-ups like dental, cholesterol levels, blood pressure etc… But we hardly provide the same importance to our eyes. We only get an eye check if there is a problem that arises, but doesn’t this seem unfair?
This May, where we celebrate “Healthy Vision Month” in America, we will look at the importance of having and appreciating healthy eyes. The National Eye Institute spreads awareness towards eye health, educates and helps people with steps to protect their vision.
You can celebrate this month by taking care of your eyes by following a few steps mentioned below. The following steps are very important to keep your eyes and vision healthy to avoid any troubles related to weak and poor vision. These steps are:
• Taking a dilated eye exam
• Maintaining a healthy lifestyle which includes eating fresh and healthy foods, maintaining healthy weight and quit smoking
• Know your family history
• Use or wear sunglasses
How Do These Tests Work?
1. Dilated Eye Exam
Generally everyone thinks their eyesight or eyes are good, but
The dilated eye exam will include:
• Dilation: In this study drops are placed in each eye to widen the pupil (central part of the iris). Dilation allows more light to the eyes. The dilated eyes are examined for a clear view of important tissues at the back of the eye which includes retina, macular degeneration, and optic nerves. For example in a diabetic person swelling or leaking of blood vessels are observed in the retina. The appearance of light-sensitive layers of tissue at the back of the eye are observed, known as diabetic retinopathy.
In age-related, eye macular degenerated yellow deposits called drusen or clumps of pigment are observed beneath the retina. In a diabetic person, changes in shape and color of the optic nerve may occur.
• Tonometry: This test is performed to detect glaucoma.
• Visual Field Test:
• Visual Acuity Test: it is performed to estimate the visibility of eyes at various distances.
2. Healthy Lifestyle
Overall health leads to better eye health. Here are a few pointers for leading a healthy lifestyle.
• Maintain A Healthy Weight: Obesity can cause and lead to certain health complications like diabetes which can result in poor eye health. Being underweight can also be detrimental to eye health as it signifies that the body is not getting sufficient nutrients and your eye suffers too.
• Eat Healthy Foods: It is a good habit to add nutrient-rich fruits and vegetables such as dark leafy greens- spinach, kale, or collard greens and carrot which facilitate healthy vision.
• Quit Smoking: Smoking is bad for your eyes as well as for the rest of the body. Smoking can cause many age-related macular degeneration, cataracts, and optic nerve damage.
• Manage Chronic Conditions: Many other conditions, such as hypertension, diabetes, and multiple sclerosis, can affect vision. They can produce inflammation in the optic nerve, result in diabetic retinopathy,
3. Discuss Eye Health History With Your Family
Eye disease can be hereditary, therefore, be proactive to understand the susceptibility for eye disease.
4. Use Or Wear Sunglasses
Wearing sunglasses has been a trend for many decades. Apart from the fashion sense, they are also helpful in protecting your eyes from sun’s ultraviolet (UV) rays.
UV Rays Can Cause The Following Damage
- Cataract: It has been estimated that 20% of cases are reported due to extended UV exposure.
- Macular degeneration: It occurs due to the damage of the retina and can lead into blindness.
- Pterygium: It is the overgrowth of tissue over the white surface of the eye which can alter the curve of the eyeball and result into astigmatism.
Make sure that during purchasing of sunglasses, it should be capable of blocking 99 to 100% of both UVA and UVB radiation. So that you would be capable of protecting your eyes from harmful sun rays to keep your vision sharp and eyes healthy.
Expert advice: Eyes are the most important and beautiful