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Coffee is one of the most consumed drinks in the world. For some, it’s a morning essential! And to make things better, it comes in different varieties and flavors as well, such as light and dark roasts. Both of these offer different flavors, but one is actually healthier.
Coffee beans start out green. When they’re roasted at high temperatures, they turn brown and aromatic. The longer the roast, the darker it becomes. This is why light roasts are milder than dark roasts, which are bitter and strong. But roasting affects more than just the flavor. It alters the health benefits, changing the way coffee affects your body. So which is better, light roast or dark roast? Let’s find out.
Difference Between Light Roast And Dark Roast
Coffee is known for its antioxidants. It has several kinds, but
chlorogenic acid is its claim to fame. In fact, coffee is the richest plant source out there. Unfortunately, roasting destroys chlorogenic acid. And according to a 2017 study in the Journal of Medicinal Food, lighter roasts have higher levels.
Researchers even exposed coffee extracts to human cells. Light roasts offered better protection against oxidation and inflammation, two major causes of disease. While more human-based research is required, these findings are significant. The lighter the roast, the more chlorogenic acid you’ll get.
Benefits Of Chlorogenic Acid
1. Chlorogenic Acid Lowers Cancer Risk
Free radicals are thought to play a major part in cancer. At high concentrations, these harmful chemicals damage cell membranes and DNA. This is where chlorogenic acid comes in. As an antioxidant, it can hunt down and neutralize free radicals. It also eases inflammation, another major contributor of cancer and chronic disease.
2. Chlorogenic Acid Reduces Blood Glucose
Every year, 1.5 million Americans are diagnosed with diabetes. Don’t want to be one of those people? Make an effort to control your blood glucose. Chlorogenic acid can lend a hand. It slows down the release of glucose, resulting in lower levels. Researchers think it works by enhancing insulin sensitivity right after a meal.
3. Chlorogenic Acid Decreases Cholesterol
In the United States, roughly 31 million adults have high cholesterol. About 73.5 million have high “bad” cholesterol. These factors double the risk of heart disease, so it’s important to treat. A cup of joe might be just what you need. Chlorogenic acid increases fatty acid utilization in the liver, leading to a cholesterol-lowering effect. Even “good” LDL cholesterol will increase.
A Word Of Caution
Roasting also affects the caffeine content. While most people think that dark roasts have caffeine, it just isn’t true!
Roasting “burns off” some caffeine, meaning that light roasts actually have more. The strong flavor of dark roast isn’t a marker of caffeine.
For the best wake-up call, choose light roast. It might be just what you need to tackle the day ahead. However, regardless of the roast, drink caffeine in moderation. Too much can lead to restlessness, anxiety, fast heart rate, upset stomach, and dehydration. It might even mess with calcium absorption. Over time, caffeine dependency might also develop.
Light roast contains more chlorogenic acid, making it the healthier choice. For a high-quality cup, always buy fresh coffee. Store it in an air-tight container away from sunlight, moisture, and heat.