What Happens If You Eat Apple Seeds? Are They Dangerous?

What Happens If You Eat Apple Seeds? Are They Dangerous?

Part of the rose family, apples are one of the most popular and widely consumed fruits across the world. Its antioxidant properties make it one of the healthiest food options too, which is why the saying goes, “an apple a day keeps the doctor away.”

However, the apple in its entirety isn’t really healthy. The tiny black seeds in its core are what can cause potentially fatal problems for you. Unlike the fruit itself that’s sweet and healthy, these tiny black seeds are bitter and even believed to be poisonous. Let’s delve a little deeper to see if this is actually true.

Are Apple Seeds Poisonous?

Apple Seeds Contain Cyanide In The Form Of Amygdalin

Cyanide – one of the deadliest poisons used in chemical warfare – can be found naturally in fruit seeds in the form of amygdalin. Amygdalin is one of many natural compounds called cyanoglycosides that contain cyanide and is a vital part of the apple seeds’ chemical defense mechanism.

Apple seeds

have a strong outer layer that is resistant to the action of your digestive juices. However, if you chew them or have them in the crushed form, amygdalin could be released in your body and eventually, degrade to form hydrogen cyanide. It works by interfering with your cells’ oxygen supply.

While a small amount of amygdalin is relatively harmless as they can be detoxified by your body’s enzymes, large amounts have the potential to cause a fatal reaction and may even lead to death.

How Much Cyanide Do Apple Seeds Contain?

1gm Of Chewed Seeds Produce 0.06–0.24 mg Cyanide

Depending on the variety of apples, the amount of amygdalin in apple seeds ranges from 1–4 mg. On the flip side, the amount of poisonous cyanide that’s generated from apple seeds is much lesser. To put things into perspective, a gram of chewed or finely crushed apple seeds may generate up to 0.06–0.24 mg of cyanide.

Therefore, eating 2 cups of ground apple seeds can definitely

make you sick and may even turn out to be fatal. The exact amount of apple seeds that can be lethal varies widely and it depends on a number of other factors, including your body weight, your body’s tolerance limits, and the variety of apples itself. At times, even low amounts of apple seeds are more than enough to make you sick.

How Many Apple Seeds Does It Take To Kill You?

Cyanide can be deadly in case of a dose of 1 mg per kilogram of body weight. On an average, an apple seed contains 0.49 mg of cyanogenic compounds. If you consider an apple to have 8 seeds, you’re looking at 3.92 mg of cyanide. If you weigh 70 kgs, you would need to consume 143 ground apple seeds to reach the lethal dose.1

What’s The Healthiest Part Of An Apple?

Apple Peel Is The Healthiest Part Of An Apple

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While we’re discussing whether it is safe to consume apples as a whole, what you should really know is the importance of eating apple peel. Besides possessing antioxidant properties, apple peel contains ursolic acid, which may prevent age-related and illness-related muscle wasting. It’s important that you always choose to have organic apples as other varieties are more likely to be contaminated by pesticides.

Is Apple Seed Oil Harmful?

Apple Seed Oil Is Used For Its Fragrance

Apple seed oil is a by-product of apple juice processing and is made from raw apple pomace. Used extensively for its fragrance, apple seed oil is also used as a hair conditioner and to calm skin inflammation. This oil is very rich in antioxidants and even shows plenty of potential as an anti-cancer agent. Apple seed oil has also been found to be active against bacteria and yeast. The amount of amygdalin found in apple seed oil is very

small and is, therefore, harmless.

Health Benefits Of Eating Apples

Apple Is Rich In Nutrients And Antioxidants

  • For starters, apples are rich in nutrients and antioxidants, including quercetin, which is known to fight cancer and prevent histamine release. This can help you against the symptoms of allergies.
  • Eating apples can also lower your risk of death because of heart disease as it contains a good amount of antioxidant flavonoids.
  • Apples can effectively regulate your blood sugar levels as it contains compounds that reduce the absorption of glucose from your digestive tract. It can even stimulate the beta cells in your pancreas to secrete insulin. Thereafter, it can stimulate insulin receptors to increase the uptake of glucose from your blood.
  • Apples have been found to play an important role in reducing the risk of neurodegenerative disorders, such as Alzheimer’s disease. Eating apples can also be linked to a decreased risk of stroke.

Despite all their health benefits, apples have relatively high levels of fructose and need to

be consumed moderately. While apple peels and flesh are healthy and pose no sort of health risks, a high amount of apple seeds do have the potential to cause problems. You can swallow apple seeds as a whole and still not experience any adverse symptoms. However, consuming a large amount of crushed or chewed apple seeds can be highly detrimental to your overall well-being.