16 Tempting & Healthy Reasons To Bite Into A Plum.

16 Tempting & Healthy Reasons To Bite Into a Plum.

The scientific name for plums is Prunus domestica, belonging to the Prunus genus of plants, and are relatives of the peach, nectarine and almond. They are all called “drupes,” fruits that have a hard stone pit surrounding their seeds. When plums are dried, they are known as prunes.

Plums are juicy, sweet tasting fruit that comes in a panorama of colors. More than 2,000 varieties of plums exist, with over 100 available in the United States alone.

Plums are classified into six general categories—Japanese, American, Damson, Ornamental, Wild and European/Garden—whose size, shape and colors vary. Although usually round, plums can also be oval or heart-shaped. The skins of plums can be red, purple, blue-black, red, green, yellow or amber, while their flesh comes in hues such as yellow, green and pink and orange.

 

Origins of Plums:

Plums may have been one of the first fruits domesticated by humans. Plum remains have been found in Neolithic age archaeological sites along with olives, grapes and figs.

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With the large number of plums available, it is not surprising that the various types have different heritages and places of origin. The European plum, discovered around two thousand years ago, near the Caspian Sea made their way across the Atlantic Ocean into the United States in the 17th century. Japanese plums were introduced to the U.S. in the late 19th century.

 

16 TEMPTING & HEALTHY REASONS TO BITE INTO A PLUM:

  1. Healthy Heart: Soluble fiber in plums, bind to cholesterol and expel them from the body. Antioxidants help fight free radicals and prevent cholesterol oxidation. Potassium helps control heart rate and blood pressure, prevents platelet clotting that can lead to Arthrosclerosis, high blood pressure, stroke and coronary heart disease.  Vitamin B6 prevents homocysteine levels and reduces the possibility of heart attack.
  2. Digestive Aid: Plum is a natural laxative and its high fiber content, and compounds-sorbitol and isatin, help maintain regular bowel movements and relieve constipation.
  3. Protects against Free Radicals: Plum contains anti-oxidant compounds like lutein and anthocyanins that reduce the amount of harmful free radicals in the body. Vitamin C helps the body to develop resistance against infectious agents, counter inflammation and free radicals.
  4. Boost Immunity: Rich Vitamin C content in plum supports the body in building healthy tissues and strengthening the immune system preventing cold, flu and recurrent infections. Vitamin C increases the body’s ability to absorb iron critical for red blood cells formation and prevents anemia.
  5. Lowers Cholesterol Levels: The soluble fiber in Plum inhibits the amount of cholesterol manufactured by the liver and binds to the cholesterol and toxins in the intestine and expels it from the system.
  6. Prevents Cancer: Anthocyanins and beta carotene, in plums, protect the body against free radicals and cancer-causing compounds affecting the breast, oral cavity, gastrointestinal and respiratory tracts without harming healthy cells.
  7. Improves Vision: Vitamin A and zea xanthin are essential for maintaining healthy mucus membranes of the eyes and lowering the risk of age related macular degeneration.
  8. Strengthens Bones: Plums are rich in vitamin D and calcium, essential for strong and nonporous bones. Rich amount of penoic and flavonoids compounds reverses bone loss. Boron plays an important role in ossification and actively participates in the preservation of bone density.
  9. Lowers Diabetes Risk: Plums are sweet yet have a low glycemic index.  Its phytonutrients slow down glucose release, preventing insulin spikes, and helping maintain blood sugar levels, greatly reducing the risk of developing Type 2 diabetes.
  10. Blood Purifier:  The rich fiber content in plums help prevent bookkeeping platelets- triggers for blood disorders such as arteriosclerosis and high blood pressure. Plum helps purify the blood by process of oxygenation and its diuretic properties help in effective detoxification.
  11. Aids Weight Loss: Plum is very low in calories but rich in fibre and antioxidants that improve liver and gastrointestinal function, boosting metabolism rate and aiding proper digestion. It also contains citric acid which prevents tiredness and cramps, replenishing the body tissues after strenuous workouts.
  12. Boosts Brain Function: Plums are full of antioxidants that have been shown to slow the development of Alzheimer’s disease. They also contain anthocyanin and quercetin, beneficial for preventing brain cell breakdown.
  13. Prenatal Care: Plums have a good amount of folic acid and calcium which are very essential for pregnant women and preventing congenital disorders of the spine and neural tube in the fetus.
  14. For Youthful Skin: Vitamin E and beta carotene, an antioxidant in plums, protect fatty acids and cell membranes from attack of free radicals, preventing skin discoloration, freckles, wrinkles, heals wounds and scar tissues, and maintains skin elasticity. Vitamin C aids  hydroxyproline and hydroxylysine production, needed to bind the molecules that produce collagen.
  15. Long Lustrous Hair: Vitamin C and E in plum strengthen the cell membranes, prevent free radicals, nourish hair follicles, promote healthy collagen, fights dandruff, and reverses Adrenal gland fatigue. Iron improves blood circulation, combats alopecia, repairs capillaries to promote stronger and thicker hair, and prevents premature greying.
  16. Rich Source of Magnesium: Magnesium in plum is necessary for healthy muscle contraction and improving nervous impulse response.

 

Precautions:

Can Cause Kidney Stones: Plums are among the foods that contain significant amounts of naturally occurring oxalates, which may cause kidney stones. When you consume too many plums, the oxalate levels may become concentrated. These interfere with the absorption of calcium in the body and as a result calcium begins to precipitate in the kidneys. Ultimately, this may cause formation of small or even large stones in the kidneys and the bladder.

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